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miércoles, octubre 28, 2009

Clouded Leopard

The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is a medium-sized cat found in Southeast Asia. It has a tan or tawny coat, and is distinctively marked with large, irregularly-shaped, dark-edged ellipses which are said to be shaped like clouds. This unique appearance gave the mammal both its common and scientific species name (nebulosus is Latin for "cloudy"). The Clouded Leopard was confusing to scientists for a long time because of its appearance and skeleton. It seemed to be a cross between a big cat and a small cat. The scientific name of the genus, Neofelis, originates from neo, which means "new", and felis, which means "small cat", so it literally means new kind of small cat.

The average Clouded Leopard typically weighs between 15 and 23 kg (33 to 50 lb) and has a shoulder height of 25 to 40 centimeters (10 to 16 inches). This medium sized cat has a large build and, proportionately, the longest canine teeth (2 in, about the same as a tiger's) of any living feline. These characteristics led early researchers to speculate that it preyed on large land-dwelling mammals. However, while remarkably little is known about the natural history and behavioral habits of this species in the wild, it is now thought that its primary prey includes arboreal and terrestrial mammals, particularly gibbons, macaques, and civets supplemented by other small mammals, deer, birds, porcupines, and domestic livestock. Clouded Leopards that are held in captivity also eat eggs and some vegetation.

As might be expected from the fact that some of its prey lives in trees, the Clouded Leopard is an excellent climber. Short, flexible legs, large paws, and sharp claws combine to make it very sure-footed in the canopy. The Clouded Leopard's tail can be as long as its body, further aiding in balance giving it a squirrel-like agility similar to the Margay of South America. Surprisingly, this arboreal creature can climb while hanging upside-down under branches and descend tree trunks head-first. In captivity, the Clouded Leopard routinely hangs by its hind legs using its long tail for balance and runs head-first down tree trunks. Little is known about its behaviour in the wild, but it is assumed from this behavior that a favored hunting tactic is to drop on prey from the trees.

The Clouded Leopard, despite its name, is not closely related to the Leopard. The Clouded Leopard is regarded as having three subspecies:

  • Neofelis nebulosa macrosceloides: Nepal to Myanmar (Burma)
  • Neofelis nebulosa nebulosa: Southern China to eastern Myanmar
  • Neofelis nebulosa brachyura: Taiwan (extinct)

The Bornean Clouded Leopard (Neofelis diardi) is a separate species found on Sumatra, Borneo and the Batu Islands. Because of their distinct skull structure, the two species are considered sufficiently different to be the only members of their genus.

The Clouded Leopard is found only in Southeast Asia and ranges through southern China (at least as far north as Wuyi Shan), the eastern Himalayas, Nepal, northeast India, Bangladesh, and Indochina. It is thought to be extinct in Taiwan. The last confirmed sighting of a Clouded Leopard in Taiwan was in 1989 when the skin from a small leopard was found in the Taroko area. This subspecies was characterized by its relatively much shorter tail.

Preferred habitat is tropical and subtropical forests at altitudes up to about 2,000 meters (6,500 ft); however it is sometimes found in mangrove swamps and grassland. It lives in temperatures from 65 to 120 degrees Fahrenheit.

The behaviour of the Clouded Leopard in the wild is virtually unknown to man because of the animal's reclusive nature. With no evidence for a pack- or pride-society like that of the lion, it is assumed that it is a generally solitary creature.

Females give birth to a litter of 2 to 4 cubs after a gestation period of about 85 to 93 days. Initially, the young are blind and helpless, much like the young of many other cats. Unlike adults, the kittens' spots are "solid"—completely dark rather than dark rings. The young can see within about 10 days of birth, are active within 5 weeks, and probably become independent at about 10 months of age. The Clouded Leopard reaches sexual maturity at two years of age and females are able to bear one litter each year. Adults in captivity have lived as long as 17 years: in the wild, they have an average 11 year lifespan.

Captive breeding programs met with little success in their early stages, largely due to ignorance of courtship activity among these cats in the wild. Experience has taught keepers that introducing pairs of Clouded Leopards at a young age gives opportunities for the pair to bond and breed successfully. Introducing pairs as older adults may cause the animals such stress that the male may kill the female. Normally, the Clouded Leopard is not an aggressive animal.

Modern breeding programs involve carefully regulated introductions between prospective mating pairs and take into account the requirements for enriched enclosures. Providing these animal with adequate space to permit climbing stimulates natural behaviour and minimizes stress. This, combined with a feeding programme that fulfills the proper dietary requirements, has promoted more successful breeding in recent years. Cats born in captivity may one day supplement threatened populations in the wild.

Because the Clouded Leopard's habits make it difficult to study, reliable estimates of its population do not exist. The World Conservation Union estimates that fewer than 10,000 individuals exist, and warns that the population is declining. Habitat loss due to widespread deforestation and hunting for use in Chinese medicinal preparations are thought to be causing populations of the Clouded Leopard to decline. Only six Clouded Leopards have ever been radio collared and their territorial movements monitored and recorded by scientists using radio telemetry. All of these cats were studied within Thailand. Almost all that is known of the Clouded Leopard today comes from studies of the cats in captivity. Apart from anecdotal accounts very little is known of the Clouded Leopard's natural history, ecology and behaviour in the wild throughout its range.

The World Conservation Union, the organization that maintains the global Red List of endangered species, lists the Clouded Leopard as Vulnerable. In addition, CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, lists the Clouded Leopard as an Appendix I species, meaning that international trade in Clouded Leopards is banned. The United States also lists the Clouded Leopard under the Endangered Species Act, further prohibiting trade in the animals or any parts or products made from them in the United States. In the countries of its native range, hunting of the Clouded Leopard is prohibited; however, these bans are poorly enforced.




lunes, octubre 26, 2009

Radish Spirit

Radish Spirit, inserito originariamente da Soy Polly.


viernes, octubre 23, 2009

Whale - ship - Merkabah

Whale - ship - Merkabah, inserito originariamente da smile 44.

In theology, light or divine light is a term used to refer to an aspect of divine presence, specifically an unknown and mysterious ability of God, angels, or human beings to express themselves communicatively through spiritual means, rather than through physical capacities. In this concept, "light" can carry the full range of divine or else human-understandable concepts ranging from pure emotion up to the precise concepts and conceptualizations.Hence human beings are said to be recipients of knowledge, "truth," or "illumination," originating from God in a transcendent reality to human beings in the 'known universe,' through spiritual means.Merkaba?The Merkaba is a counter-rotating field of light generated from the spinning of specific geometric forms that simultaneously affects one's spirit and body. It is a vehicle that can aid mind, body and spirit to access and experience other planes of reality or potentials of life. In fact, the Merkaba is even much more than this. Those who have taken the Flower of Life workshop and have learned the merkaba meditation have stated that they have learned more about themselves, connected with their higher selves, and moved to new levels of awareness. The Merkaba is a tool that helps humans reach their full potential.


lunes, octubre 05, 2009

In memoriam, Mercedes Sosa, Managua, 1983

Sosa was born on July 9, 1935, in San Miguel de Tucumán, in the northwestern Argentine province of Tucumán, of mestizo, French, andQuechua Amerindian ancestry. In 1950, at age fifteen, she won a singing competition organized by a local radio station and was given a contract to perform for two months. She recorded her first album, La Voz de la Zafra, in 1959. A performance at the National Folklore Festival brought her to the attention of her native countrypeople.

Sosa and her first husband, Manuel Óscar Matus, with whom she had one son, were key players in the mid-60s nueva canción movement (which was called nuevo cancionero in Argentina). Her first record was Canciones con Fundamento, a collection of Argentine folk songs.

In 1967, Sosa toured the United States and Europe with great success. In later years, she performed and recorded extensively, broadening her repertoire to include material from throughout Latin America.


Mercedes Sosa

Mercedes Sosa, inserito originariamente da Fer dlO.

In the early 1970s, Sosa released two concept albums in collaboration with composer Ariel Ramírez and lyricist Félix Luna: Cantata Sudamericana and Mujeres Argentinas (Argentine Women). She also recorded a tribute to Chilean poet Violeta Parra in 1971, including what was to become one of Sosa's signature songs, Gracias a la Vida.[4][7] She also improved the popularity of songs written by Milton Nascimento of Brazil and Pablo Milanés and Silvio Rodríguez of Cuba.


¡ Hasta siempre !

Haydée Mercedes Sosa, known as La Negra, (July 9, 1935 – October 4, 2009) was an Argentine singer who was and remains immensely popular throughout Latin America and internationally. With her roots in Argentine folk music, Sosa became one of the preeminent exponents ofnueva canción. She gave voice to songs written by both Brazilians and Cubans. She was best known as the "voice of the voiceless ones".

Sosa performed in venues such as the Lincoln Center in New York City, the Théâtre Mogador in Paris and the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, as well as sell-out shows in New York's Carnegie Hall and the Roman Coliseum during her final decade of life. Her career spanned four decades and she has been the recipient of several Grammy awards and nominations, including three nominations which will be decided posthumously. She served as an ambassador for UNICEF.

Mercedes Sosa (1973)
Background information
Birth nameHaydée Mercedes Sosa
BornJuly 9, 1935
DiedOctober 4, 2009 (aged 74)
GenresFolk music
OccupationsSinger, Activist
Voice typesContralto [1]
Years active1950–2009

  • La voz de la zafra (1959)
  • Canciones con fundamento (1965)
  • Yo no canto por cantar (1966)
  • Hermano (1966)
  • Para cantarle a mi gente (1967)
  • Con sabor a Mercedes Sosa (1968)
  • Mujeres argentinas (1969)
  • Navidad con Mercedes Sosa (1970)
  • El grito de la tierra (1970)
  • Homenaje a Violeta Parra (1971)
  • Hasta la victoria (1972)
  • Cantata sudamericana (1972)
  • Traigo un pueblo en mi voz (1973)
  • Niño de mañana (1975)
  • A que florezca mi pueblo (1975)
  • En dirección del viento (1976)
  • O cio da terra (1977)
  • Mercedes Sosa interpreta a Atahualpa Yupanqui (1977)
  • Si se calla el cantor (1977)
  • Serenata para la tierra de uno (1979)
  • A quién doy (1980)
  • Gravado ao vivo no Brasil (1980)
  • Mercedes Sosa en Argentina (1982)
  • Mercedes Sosa (1983)
  • Como un pájaro libre (1983)
  • Recital (1983)
  • ¿Será posible el sur? (1984)
  • Vengo a ofrecer mi corazón (1985)
  • Corazón americano (1985) (with Milton Nascimento and León Gieco)
  • Mercedes Sosa ´86 (1986)
  • Mercedes Sosa ´87 (1987)
  • Amigos míos (1988)
  • En vivo en Europa (1990)
  • De mí (1991)
  • 30 años (1993)
  • Sino (1993)
  • Gestos de amor (1994)
  • Live in Argentina (1994)
  • Live in Europe (1994)
  • Sera Posible El Sur (1994)
  • Vivir (1994)
  • Oro (1995)
  • Escondido en mi país (1996)
  • Gracias a la Vida (1996)
  • Alta fidelidad (1997) (with Charly García)
  • Coleccion Mi Historia (1997)
  • Al despertar (1998)
  • Misa criolla (1999)
  • Serie Millennium 21 (1999)
  • La Negra (2000)
  • Acústico (2002)
  • Grandes Exitos, Vols. 1 & 2 (2002)
  • 40 Obras Fundamentales (2003)
  • Argentina quiere cantar (2003) (with Víctor Heredia and León Gieco)
  • Voz Y Sentimiento (2003)
  • Corazón libre (2005)
  • Éxitos Eternos (2005)
  • La Historia del Folklore (2007)
  • Cantora 1 (2009)
  • Cantora 2 (2009)


Malcolm Gladwell "Outliers" on Jimmy Kimmel Live 1-13-09