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sábado, julio 19, 2008


Pantheism (Greek: πάν ( 'pan' ) = all and θεός ( 'theos' ) = God) literally means "God is All" and "All is God". It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent abstract God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. More detailed definitions tend to emphasize the idea that natural law, existence, and the universe (the sum total of all that is, was, and shall be) is represented or personified in the theological principle of an abstract 'god'.


The term "pantheist"—of which the word "pantheism" is a variation—was purportedly first used by Irish writer John Toland in his 1705 work, Socinianism Truly Stated, by a pantheist. However, the concept has been discussed as far back as the time of the philosophers of Ancient Greece, by Thales, Parmenides and Heraclitus. The Jewish backgrounds for pantheism may reach as far back as the Torah itself in its account of creation in Genesis and its earlier prophetic material in which clearly "acts of nature" [such as floods, storms, volcanoes, etc.] are all identified as "God's hand" through personification idioms, thus explaining the open references to the concept in both New Testament and Kabbalistic literature.

In 1785 a major controversy began between Friedrich Jacobi and Moses Mendelssohn, which eventually involved many important people of the time. Jacobi claimed that Lessing's pantheism was materialistic in that it thought of all Nature and God as one extended substance. For Jacobi, this was the result of the Enlightenment's devotion to reason and it would lead to atheism. Mendelssohn disagreed by asserting that pantheism was the same as theism.


1 comentario:

Anónimo dijo...

There is also the related concept of Pandeism, and the Pandeistic Universe.... resources on Pandeism can be found here....

Fort Hays State University
Forsyth Library, 600 Park St., Hays, KS
(785) 628-9454
Discussion of Pandeism
Greenwood Press
Westport, CT
(800) 225-5800
Discussion of a Pandeistic Universe
Campion College
2515 Mcallister St, San Francisco, CA
(415) 387-2324
Pandeists discussing Pandeism
Skeptics Society-Skeptic Magazine
2761 Marengo Ave, Altadena, CA
(626) 794-3119
A universe that operates Pandeistically
Miracle Outreach Ministry
1537 Mill Creek Rd, Jacksonville, FL
(904) 727-9676
Pandeism discussed by Pandeists
Power of Prophecy
1708 Patterson Rd, Austin, TX
(512) 263-9780
Pandeism is the marrying together of Deism and Pantheism
The Center for Progressive Christianity
99 Brattle Street, Cambridge, MA
(617) 441-0928
Pan-Deism discussed
Alpha Books
201 W 103rd St, Indianapolis, IN
(800) 428-5331
A Pan-deistic Universe, home to Pan-deist philosophy
Science Fellowship
362 Ashland Ave, Pittsburgh, PA
(412) 341-4908
The rationalism of Pandeism exposed